by: Osagie Otabor
A Professor of Surgery, Breast and Endocrine Division, at the
University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Professor Moses Momoh,
Thursday stated that women who gave birth to between two or three
children are more prone to develop breast cancer.
Prof. Momoh said women who gave birth to many children have lower
risk of having breast cancer, than women who give birth to less
This, he said, was because women with many children would have their
breast sucked more often and allow the women examined the breast.
He spoke while delivering a lecture at the 3rd edition of UBTH public
lecture series, with the theme: ‘’ Reducing the Burden of Breast
Prof Momoh who is a former Commissioner for Health said there are
increasing breast cancer patients in the low and middle income
countries, like Nigeria and Sub-Saharan Africa.
He listed early signs and symptoms of breast cancer to include nipple
retraction or distortion, breast skin changes, thickening like the
orange peeling, painless lump in the breast, sores or ulcer in the
breast that does not heal, swellings and nodes/seeds in the arm-pit,
waist and bone pains with or without broken bones, enlarged liver and
distended abdomen filled with fluid/water, paralysis from waist down
when it spreads to the spine among many other signs.
Prof. Momoh outlined the causes to include family history, female
gender, smoking, menarche and menopause, age at first delivery, regular
abortion, obesity, hormone replacement therapy, birth control pills and
many other causes.
The former Commissioner recommended free clinical breast examination,
preventive mastectomy, free compulsory universal basic education,
eradication of illiteracy and poverty, breast self-examination,
awareness campaigns on a sustained basis of the disease and
strengthening primary health care in all the 10,000 wards in Nigeria as a
way for curbing breast cancer.